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Another technological advancement is the use of ultrasound.
· Ultrasound uses sound waves to identify arteries in the body.2 Coincidentally, SCI has been associated with a decrease of arterial diameter in proportion with a decrease in muscle mass.2
· In people with SCI there is a change that can be detected with ultrasound. The posterior tibial artery, near the ankle, shows a linear reduction in vasodilation.3
· However, electrical stimulation can reverse this effect in paralyzed individuals. The equipment of an ultrasound ranges from $40,000-$100,000 depending on the use and the extra add-ons for the machine.
· Being able to reverse this effect may lead to better treatment or a cure for paraplegia.
Advancements in noninvasive treatments such as MRI or Ultrasound have allowed kinesiology professionals to collect more information on muscle and arterial function in paralyzed individuals. Sophisticated improvements in technology continue to enhance the capabilities of treatment modalities in unprecedented ways. To summarize, technology in kinesiology is a double-edged sword. It provides great promise in what can be obtained but comes at a great cost in terms of time, money, and maintenance.
To explain the advancements of kinesiology, we may need to “re-define” what kinesiology means and is. Kinesiology is an academic discipline that studies physical activity and its impact on health, society, and quality of life. Therefore, the purpose of this blog is to inform readers about the advancements in the kinesiology profession.
I believe I am put on this earth to achieve great things. I believe in inspiring people to be the best they can be. I will engage in suitable practices and anticipate the need of my clients. To succeed you need to be willing to put in the time and effort. I value hard work, dedication, education, and respect. I want to help people enjoy the gift of life while having a people-oriented experience.
With me being the person I’ve grown to be I cannot give less than one hundred percent with each one of my clients. I thoroughly believe that if you give one hundred percent of your honest effort to each client than that will impact and spark a change that is everlasting.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Ultrasound. We may need to “re-define what Kinesiology means and is. Kinesiology is an academic discipline that studies physical activity and its impact on health, society, and quality of life.
With the recent surge of technological advancements in recent history, it is no surprise that technology has made its mark on the kinesiology research. These advancements have greatly impacted our ability to noninvasively quantify muscle activity.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
A noninvasive technique called magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Originally introduced in 1978, this technology was scarce and was only used to measure muscle metabolism. With the proliferation and advancement of MR units, nearly all kinesiology departments have access to or could arrange access to this technology.
Using an MR unit, kinesiology professionals have discovered how much a muscle declines after sustaining an SCI which is roughly around 40% after one year.1 In addition, electrical stimulation of the paralyzed muscle can reduce that deficit, shown by the MRI.1 This knowledge gathered from the use of the MRI can allow professionals to better treat individuals with SCI.
1McCully, K., Vandenborne, K., Posner, J., & Chance, B. (1994). Magnetic resonance in physiology and medicine. In R. Gillies (Ed.), MR in physiology and medicine (pp. 405–412). San Diego: Academic Press, Inc.
2Olive, J.L., Dudley, G.A., & McCully, K.K. (2003). Vascular remodeling after spinal cord injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(6), 901–907.
3Stoner, L., Sabatier, M., VanhHiel, L., Groves, D., Ripley, D., Palardy, G., et al. (2006). Upper vs lower extremity arterial function after spinal cord injury. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 29(2), 138–146.