Friday, March 6, 2015
Plantar Fasciitis – Arch Pain
Plantar fasciitis is when a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes (plantar fascia) becomes inflamed and starts to hurt. The stabbing pain that is usually associated with plantar fasciitis usually occurs with your very first steps in the morning, after standing for long periods of time or after standing up after sitting for a long period of time.1
People that are at an increased risk for plantar fasciitis are people who are overweight, people who wear unsupported shoes, runners, ballet dancers, people with flat feet, people with high arches and people with limited ankle dorsiflexion (moving toes towards shin). Studies have also shown that having tight posterior muscles (hamstrings, calves, Achilles tendon) are also at an increased risk for developing plantar fasciitis.2 Plantar fasciitis can develop with tight posterior muscles because it limits ankle dorsiflexion that is needed when walking and running.
Sleep posture may also increase risk of plantar fasciitis. Sleeping on your back with your feetunder a blanket or sleeping on your stomach may cause your ankle to plantar flex (point toes), causing shortening of the muscles and tendons, causing tight calf muscles and plantar fascia pain.
Plantar fasciitis can last a very long time if not taken care of. Just like a car needs a great set of tires, your feet need proper support as well. Take care of your feet, you only get one pair.
1. Plantar fasciitis. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/plantar-fasciitis/basics/symptoms/con-20025664
2.Bolivar, Y., Munuera, P., & Padillo, J. Relationship Between Tightness of the Posterior Muscles of the Lower Limb and Plantar Fasciitis. American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society, 31, 42-48
3.Ellis, J., & Henderson, J. (1994). Plantar Fasciitis: Arch Pain. In Running injury-free: How to prevent, treat, and recover from dozens of painful problems (pp. 138-147). Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale Press.
Posted by Bryan at 1:43 PM